Aquatint — Buckram

Archive: A collection of records that all derive from a common source. The term is also used to describe institutions that collect and preserve archives, much the same why the word “library” often refers to a building as well as a collection, but anyone can maintain an archive. Most archives are based in an author, family, or institution’s papers, i.e., the documents that were created, received, used, and kept by that author or institution. Archives tend not to be published materials, though they may be publicly accessible even before they enter an archival institution (as in the case of many government and institutional documents).

Bibliography: The study and description of books historically and as physical objects, literally “the writing about books.” The term can also mean a list of books and articles.

Blockbook: A book printed entirely using woodblocks. Blockbooks predate printing with moveable type, both in Europe and Asia.

Book: A collection of text that has been published or written in a portable format. Books come in numerous forms, ranging from scrolls to the codex. Most of the time, when people say “book,” they actually mean a “codex,” but books come in many other forms. It is worth emphasizing this point: while the codex may be the dominant book form at present, scrolls and other book forms are also books.