Downs and Dalabih: The risk of shorter fasting time for pediatric deep sedation (Open Access Article)

This week's Open Access article features two University of Missouri Faculty. 

  • Dr. Craig Downs, DO., is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Child Health. Dr. Downs primary interest is pediatric critical care.  If you would like to learn more about Dr. Downs click here
  • Dr. Abdallah Dalabih, MD., MBA, is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Child Health. He is involved in clinical research in pediatric critical care and sedatio, with one other study accepted for publication and four others that are in the process of submission. Those four projects will be published by two medical students and two pediatric residents all as first authors. Click here for Dr. Dalabih's faculty profile. 

Dr. Downs, Dr. Dalabih, and their research team published in Anesthesia: Essays and Researches, an open access peer-reviewed international journal by the Pan Arab Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists. The journal covers technical and clinical studies related to Anesthesia, pain management, intensive care and related topics including ethical and social issues.

Their research in The risk of shorter fasting time for pediatric deep sedation, investigates that safety of a shorter fasting time compared to a longer fasting time before pediatric procedural sedation and analgesia. The current guideline, adopted by the American Academy of Pediatrics, calls for prolonged fasting times. This prospective observational study tries to identify the association between fasting times and complications related to sedation. 


Dr. Dalabih took the time to answer some questions we had about open access:

Why did you choose to publish in an Open Access journal?

We selected a journal that is indexed at PubMed so it would be easy to find and that can be accessed all over the world. The journal of Anesthesia: Essays and Researches is an open access journal and is indexed at PubMed with no publication fees, so we elected that journal to showcase our research project.

Would you publish in an Open Access journal again?  If so, why?

Yes, with the increased prices of subscriptions, libraries and physicians are having some difficulty accessing articles they need. This is especially true at countries with poor economies. Open access journals allows those physicians to benefit from the study and will increase the distribution. 


Taira Meadowcroft

Taira Meadowcroft is a Health Sciences Librarian at the University of Missouri. She focuses on quality improvement, emergency medicine, and social media for the health sciences library.

Stand Out with ORCID

Now that Research Day is over, remember to consider depositing your Research Day poster in MOspace, MU’s permanent digital archive.  MOspace allows your poster to be seen, and searchable in places like Google.

As part of the process, you’ll be asked to include your ORCID researcher ID number if you have one. If you don’t have one, now is a great time to sign up! Your ORCID number will follow you throughout your career, helping you to claim your work, and stand out. 

Signing up is easy through



If you have questions, or would like more information, please feel free to contact the Health Sciences Library


Taira Meadowcroft

Taira Meadowcroft is a Health Sciences Librarian at the University of Missouri. She focuses on quality improvement, emergency medicine, and social media for the health sciences library.

Register for your ORCID ID at Health Sciences Research Day

Novemeber 17th is the  University of Missouri’s Health Sciences Research Day and to conicide, the library is providing ORCID registration assistance at the information desk, from 9am-5pm.

Why should you register? 

  1. ORCID ID's help distinguish your publications and research from others with a similar name. Further, it allows you to combine publications that you might have written under a different name. This allows you to claim your work and to create a virtual CV that links to the publications and other cites. 
  2. Increase visability of scholarly publications.
  3. Affiliate with MU! 

If you can't make it to the information desk, or want to set up your profile on your own follow the steps below at



Taira Meadowcroft

Taira Meadowcroft is a Health Sciences Librarian at the University of Missouri. She focuses on quality improvement, emergency medicine, and social media for the health sciences library.

Meet the Librarian: Diane Johnson, Assistant Director of Information Services and Resources, Health Sciences Library

Can you tell us a little about your background and experience and what led you to MU libraries?

I made up my mind to become a librarian when I was just a kid after seeing my hometown librarian, Anna Detjen, walk to a shelf, pull off a book, open it to a page, and say: “There’s the answer to your question.” How did she do that? How could I learn to do that? I wanted to be a public librarian – I didn’t even know medical libraries existed – but when I tried to set up an internship in college, none were available in public libraries. I was given the choice between an internship in a patient library in a hospital for the criminally insane or in a nursing school library, so I chose the latter. And once there, I found out about the Medical Subject Heading vocabulary, which is used for organizing medical journal articles and books. It made so much sense. I opted for medical librarianship and never looked back. 

I interviewed at MU back in 1980 when I was finishing library school at the University of Minnesota. It was a beautiful spring day, and I fell in love with Columbia and knew right away I wanted to come here.


What are some of the unique aspects of your job?

Here in the J. Otto Lottes Health Sciences Library, we spend a lot of time and effort trying to bring our services and collections to our users as part of their normal workflow. Some of us work with clinical teams, answering questions as they arise. In that context, we go beyond simply supplying bibliographies and reference lists to providing summary and synthesis of results.

I’ve also served as co-investigator on systematic reviews, a research method in which you search for, analyze and summarize all of the studies addressing a specific clinical question. I develop the searches and document the search strategies for the research protocol. Librarians are uniquely qualified for this role since it is our business to be familiar with the history, quirks and vagaries of different databases and search engines.

What are some of the ways technology has changed the way your library offers reference services?

Two recent exciting developments, proactive chat and co-browsing, have really helped us amp up our level of service. With proactive chat, if somebody sits on one of our webpages for more than a minute or two, a window pops up to ask them if they need any help. Another recent addition that people really seem to like is co-browsing. When somebody comes into the chat room and needs help doing a search, we can share our screen and talk them through each step in the search.  At the conclusion of one recent session, a user told me, "This may have been the most helpful customer service experience in my life."

It’s fun to look back at how far we’ve come. When I started in 1980, our library had two computers, which communicated over phone lines to the National Library of Medicine and the OCLC Library Catalog service. With the latter, we couldn’t just search for a book title, we had to use coded search keys. And we couldn’t search for organization names until after 4 p.m. because it would overwhelm the computer.

Even though the tools have changed dramatically, our core service of helping people get answers to their questions is still much the same.


What types of renovation are needed in the Health Sciences Library in order to better serve your patrons?

It will come as no surprise to anyone who has visited the Health Sciences Library that much of our carpeting and many of our chairs are older than most of our students!

Since the medical and health professions curriculum focuses on small-group learning, we need collaborative spaces where our students can work together in small groups without disturbing those studying around them.

I would like to have white noise machines installed so that people on the third floor can’t hear conversations from two floors below, and vice versa. We’ve had heating and cooling issues in this building ever since it opened, and it’s my fervent hope that we can address these issues in the renovations. 

I also think a renovation of the Health Sciences Library would provide an opportunity to retrofit an aging building to make it more energy-efficient. Library buildings much older than ours have achieved LEED gold certification by installing energy-efficient lighting, heating, cooling and plumbing and by choosing furnishings that make use of recycled content.

In this age of mobile computing, we are returning to an era when we can focus on designing spaces to meet the needs of people rather than machines. People will be bringing their increasingly portable computers with them, so we don’t need to have as many computer desks. Instead, we can focus on an inviting mixture of desks for individual study, small-group study areas, and soft seating where people can put their feet up.


MU Libraries Participates in Women’s and Children’s Hospital Reverse Trick-or-Treat

For the past few years, the Women's and Children's Hospital has organized reverse trick-or-treating. MU employees are invited to hand out treats to pediatric patients, siblings, and children of adult patients. This year, one of our medical librarians, Taira Meadowcroft, asked for volunteers to go with her this Halloween to participate.

This fantastic group put together halloween bags filled with stickers, pencils, instruments, play-doh, and many other goodies. In all their Halloween glory, they loaded up several boxes, and headed to the hospital. Once there, they were greeted by superheros, princesses, football players, and tinkerbells, all waiting to trick-or-treat. By the end, there was no goodie bags left!

Thanks to all who volunteered to be apart of the 200 MU and MU health staff who handed out treats. Be sure to take a peek at the MU Health instagram and story



Our volunteers included: Grace Atkins, Cindi Cotner- Halloween , Stara Herron- Jack Skellington , Taira Meadowcroft- Netlflix, Kimberly Moeller- Ninja, Paula Roper, Caryn Scoville, Deb Ward- Wizard , Rhonda Whithaus


Follow Mizzou.Libraries on instagram!



Taira Meadowcroft

Taira Meadowcroft is a Health Sciences Librarian at the University of Missouri. She focuses on quality improvement, emergency medicine, and social media for the health sciences library.

Next time you publish: claim your rights

Your article has been accepted for publication in a journal and, like your colleagues, you want it to have the widest possible distribution and impact in the scholarly community. In the past, this required print publication. Today you have other options, like online archiving, but the publication agreement you’ll likely encounter will actually prevent broad distribution of your work.

You would never knowingly keep your research from a readership that could benefit from it, but signing a restrictive publication agreement limits your scholarly universe and lessens your impact as an author.

Why? According to the traditional publication agreement, all rights —including copyright — go to the journal. You probably want to include sections of your article in later works. You might want to give copies to your class or distribute it among colleagues. And you likely want to place it on your Web page or in an online repository if you had the choice. These are all ways to give your research wide exposure and fulfill your goals as a scholar, but they are inhibited by the traditional agreement. If you sign on the publisher’s dotted line, is there any way to retain these critical rights?

Yes. The SPARC Author Addendum is a legal instrument that modifies the publisher’s agreement and allows you to keep key rights to your articles. Learn more.

This open access message has been brought to you by SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition. 

Promoting Open Access Research @ MU

Open Access week is an important week. A week dedicated to highlighting the importance of Open Access and advocating for free, and immediate online access to scholarly research. This year’s theme, “Open in Action,” is all about taking concrete steps to open up research and scholarship and encouraging others to do the same. This was the purpose in creating an open access blog; a way to share research MU faculty choose to publish open access.

Every few weeks, I post about an open access article, right here on our library news page. When typing up the post, I focus on the research itself, the academic accomplishments of the faculty, and the most important, the reasons why they chose to publish in open access. I've received several insightul thoughts on why they think open access is important, and to my great delight, all look fantastic as graphics. 😉 Marketing material aside, they are profound thoughts that I hope will strike a chord with other MU faculty, and scholars outside the university, further engaging others and promoting the open access initiative. 




October 22nd-October 24th, I presented a poster at Merge&Converge'16, the 2016 Mid-Continent Medical Library Association conference. I wanted to show others that promoting open access, and engaging faculty is easier than we think. Faculty can be open access champions.




Taira Meadowcroft

Taira Meadowcroft is a Health Sciences Librarian at the University of Missouri. She focuses on quality improvement, emergency medicine, and social media for the health sciences library.

Some Taylor & Francis journal prices increasing as much as 25% in 2017

Pricing for 2017 subscriptions is starting to come in, and once again, their prices are increasing. These journals are among a list of 21 subscriptions that will cost the University Libraries $6000 more in 2017 than a year ago. That's an increase between 15-25%. 

Meanwhile, US inflation for 2017 is projected to be about 2%; nowhere near the average increase of journal subscriptions featured in the list. 

Many disciplines are impacted by these subscription price increases, not just the health sciences:


Thank you Dr. Phillip Apprill

Dr. Phillip Apprill, an alum of the University of Missouri School of Medicine and practicing cardiologist in the St. Louis area, recently gifted a book to the Health Sciences Library. 

We wanted to take this time to thank Dr. Apprill for donating Pathophysiology of Heart Disease by Dr. Leonard S. Lilly. It is a wonderful addition to our collection.

Dr. Apprill's name will appear on a bookplate that can be found on the inside of the book. The print copy can be found on the first floor of the library. 


Taira Meadowcroft

Taira Meadowcroft is a Health Sciences Librarian at the University of Missouri. She focuses on quality improvement, emergency medicine, and social media for the health sciences library.

Adobe Software Available on Library Computers

Library Technology Services has an array of Adobe Software available for students, faculty and staff of the University of Missouri. The software includes 

  • Adobe Acrobat Pro
  • After Effects
  • Audition
  • Bridge
  • Dreamweaver
  • Fireworks
  • Flash
  • Illustrator
  • InCopy
  • InDesign
  • Lightroom
  • Muse
  • Photoshop
  • Prelude
  • Premiere Pro

Users can access the software on the Macs in the Information Commons at Ellis, the Health Sciences Library 1st floor computers, the Journalism Lab and the Journalism Macbook Pro laptops. However, the software is not included within Software Anywhere.

This software will be useful for digital storytelling students, journalism students and anyone interested in using more creative software for a variety of projects.