Check out the new One Health/One Medicine Research Guide at: https://libraryguides.missouri.edu/onehealth . Includes information on the One Health Initiative; campus strengths; articles; books; statistics; and more!
Congratulations to Trenton and Kate on new appointments!
Consolidation of the veterinary and health sciences historical collections of the MU Libraries is underway. The collections will be curated by a librarian with an outstanding reputation for scholarship in the history of veterinary medicine.
Trenton Boyd has accepted a new position in the MU Libraries: Distinguished Librarian Curator of Medical and Veterinary Historical Collections. The appointment is the culmination of forty-two years of veterinary librarianship as Head of the veterinary library. Trenton is well-known for his scholarship in veterinary history and his long-term, visionary leadership in the field of veterinary librarianship at the national and international levels.
In his new role, Trenton Boyd will highlight publications of historical interest related to veterinary and medical sciences housed in the MU Libraries, bringing visibility and scholarship to the veterinary and health sciences historical collection. Trenton will be relocating to the Health Sciences Library to be in close proximity to the collections. Trenton’s duties will include curating the archives of the College of Veterinary Medicine, and he will continue to be available for any historical questions you may have.
Kate Anderson will assume the role of Interim Head, Veterinary Medical Library, based on her seven years of successful service as Specialized Services Librarian in the Health Sciences and Veterinary Medical Libraries. Over the past two and a half years, Kate has also served as the Mizzou Advantage Liaison for the MU Libraries.
Check out this new article in JVME on searching the veterinary literature.
Searching the Veterinary Literature: A Comparison of the Coverage of Veterinary Journals by Nine Bibliographic Databases
Douglas J.C. Grindlay, Marnie L. Brennan, Rachel S. Dean
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education (2012) Epub ahead of print
A thorough search of the literature to find the best evidence is central to the practice of evidence-based veterinary medicine. This requires knowing which databases to search to maximize journal coverage. The aim of the present study was to compare the coverage of active veterinary journals by nine bibliographic databases to inform future systematic reviews and other evidence-based searches. Coverage was assessed using lists of included journals produced by the database providers. For 121 active veterinary journals in the “Basic List of Veterinary Medical Serials, Third Edition,” the percentage coverage was the highest for Scopus (98.3%) and CAB Abstracts (97.5%). For an extensive list of 1,139 journals with significant veterinary content compiled from a variety of sources, coverage was much greater in CAB Abstracts (90.2%) than in any other database, the next highest coverage being in Scopus (58.3%). The maximum coverage of the extensive journal list that could be obtained in a search without including CAB Abstracts was 69.8%. It was concluded that to maximize journal coverage and avoid missing potentially relevant evidence, CAB Abstracts should be included in any veterinary literature search.
Please note: as of 7/25, we don't yet have this article in the library. But we can get it for you!
The Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings (U.K.) has recently published “Accessibility, sustainability, excellence: how to expand access to research publications.” It’s know as the Finch Report after chair Dame Janet Finch. Check it out online!
The report states:
“The principle that the results of research that has been publicly funded should be freely accessible in the public domain is a compelling one, and fundamentally unanswerable. Effective publication and dissemination is essential to realising that principle, especially for communicating to non-specialists. Improving the flows of the information and knowledge that researchers produce will promote
- enhanced transparency, openness and accountability, and public engagement with research;
- closer linkages between research and innovation, with benefits for public policy and services, and for economic growth;
- improved efficiency in the research process itself, through increases in the amount of information that is readily accessible, – reductions in the time spent in finding it, and greater use of the latest tools and services to organise, manipulate and analyse it; and
- increased returns on the investments made in research, especially the investments from public funds.”
Science Magazine’s recap: UK Panel Backs Open Access for All Publicly Funded Research Papers
Additional info: UK Says It Will Move to Open Access for Publicly Funded Research
Press Release from NAP
Date: May 30, 2012
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Current Focus of Veterinary Medical Profession Leaves Research, Food Security, Public Health Needs Underserved
WASHINGTON — Without immediate action, a new National Research Council report warns, the academic veterinary community could fail to prepare the next generation of veterinarians for faculty teaching and research positions as well as for jobs in state diagnostic laboratories, federal research and regulatory agencies, and the pharmaceutical and biologics industry. Although the supply of veterinarians is growing, more than half of veterinary students seek training in companion animal or pet medicine. In addition, increasing debt from veterinary education may inhibit graduates from pursuing Ph.D. training that would prepare them for academic careers, key jobs in the public sector, and some positions in industry.
Cost-cutting measures at universities have adversely affected the ability of colleges and schools of veterinary medicine to hire faculty in less popular fields of veterinary medicine and to support graduate research training. A potential shortage of professionals with training beyond a Doctor of Science in Veterinary Medicine could impact the supply of veterinarians to fill jobs overseeing and enforcing food safety and animal health standards, conducting research in human drug development and advances in pet health, and participating in wildlife and ecosystem management, infectious disease control, biosecurity, and agro-terrorism prevention.
“Companion animal medicine and its growing number of specialties that improve the health and lives of pets has been a success story, but it dominates veterinary schools’ curriculum and resources, sometimes to the detriment of equally critical fields,” said Alan Kelly, emeritus professor of pathology and pathobiology at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania and chair of the committee that wrote the report. “We must ensure that schools train qualified veterinarians in sync with the diverse and growing array of societal needs.”
For example, food-animal production is changing dramatically in the U.S. and abroad. Large U.S. producers need veterinary services to focus on “herd health” while small producers, who have difficulty collectively supporting a full-time veterinarian, need primary animal care. Having fewer veterinarians in rural areas raises concerns about the level of animal disease surveillance in the field, which is critical to the prompt detection of outbreaks with potentially massive economic consequences.
In developing countries, where meat demand is growing, crowding animals in hot, humid conditions places the health of animals, humans, and ecosystems at risk and is unsustainable. “The fact that 60 percent of all infectious diseases in humans are of animal origin and 75 percent of emerging infectious diseases in the last decade arose from animals underscores the importance of maintaining expertise in other areas of veterinary medicine,” explained Kelly.
Addressing these challenges depends on the profession’s commitment to promote and develop diverse career paths in veterinary medicine and on the efficient delivery of veterinary services, which in some cases may mean using veterinary technicians to extend the field’s reach. The report’s recommendations center on partnerships among professional veterinary organizations, academia, industry, and government. These groups could form a national consortium or committee to focus on the economic sustainability of the profession in all sectors of service, education, and research, and develop a national veterinary curriculum that could be delivered electronically or through alternative measures.
Veterinary medical organizations and the deans of veterinary colleges could work to increase the profession’s visibility, standing, and potential to address global food security, says the report. Establishing a health-oriented think tank with the goal of advancing sustainable food-animal husbandry practices, welfare policies, ecosystem health standards, and the capacity of the veterinary profession in the developing world is important and could help future generations of veterinarians collaborate across professions, disciplines, and cultures. A part of this body could also evaluate the competencies required of U.S. veterinary graduates to address the global challenges of food and water safety and security, the impact of urbanization on food supply systems, and the health of wildlife and ecosystems.
The study was sponsored by the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, American Veterinary Medical Association, American Animal Hospital Association, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, and Bayer Animal Health Inc. The National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council make up the National Academies. They are independent, nonprofit institutions that provide science, technology, and health policy advice under an 1863 congressional charter. Panel members, who serve pro bono as volunteers, are chosen by the Academies for each study based on their expertise and experience and must satisfy the Academies’ conflict-of-interest standards. The resulting consensus reports undergo external peer review before completion. For more information, visit http://national-academies.org/studycommitteprocess.pdf. A panel roster follows.
PubMed “Results by year” and PubMed Central “PMC images search” tools will soon display in the discovery column for all PubMed users (see Figure 1).
Figure 1: PubMed results with “Results by year” and “PMC images search” tools.
The “Results by year” timeline tool will display for search results with 10,000 or more citations. Mouseover the bars in the timeline to display the number of citations for each year, click the right and left arrows to display older or newer years, and click the individual bars in the timeline to display the results for a single year (see Figure 2).
Figure 2: Mouseover for the PubMed “Results by year” timeline tool.
The “PMC images search” tool will display for PubMed search results that meet a number of criteria, e.g., results with a minimum of 250 citations, filters are not active, the search does not include Boolean operators, the search retrieves a minimum of 4 relevant images calculated using a term weighted algorithm.
To enhance the size of an image, mouseover the thumbnail in the tool (see Figure 3).
Figure 3: Mouseover of an image in the “PMC Images search” tool.
Click within the enhanced image box to display the PubMed Central article for the image.
The PubMed discovery column tools may be modified in the future.
By Kathi Canese
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Trenton is the guest editor of the latest volume of the international journal Historia Medicinae Veterinariae (Vol. 36, No. 1-3, 2011). The issue is on “Veterinary Medicine as Portrayed on Postcards” and features a selection, in color, of approximately 240 veterinary postcards from around the world.
As you know, Trenton has been collecting veterinary postcards since 1973 and has about 3,000 postcards pertaining to veterinary medicine, broken down into over 50 subcategories.
The Index-Catalogue of Medical and Veterinary Zoology (ICMVZ) is an historic compendium of parasitological literature and a key resource for researchers in emerging diseases and global animal health. It comprises more than 100 publications with about 20,000 pages of references.
With funding from the National Library of Medicine, Oklahoma State University and Texas A & M digitized the Index-Catalogue and made it freely available online and electronically searchable.
Oklahoma State’s version of the ICMVZ is great for browsing: http://www.library.okstate.edu/ICMVZ/index.htm
Texas A&M’s version has higher-quality images: http://repository.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/90524
Both are awesome!