Black in Missouri


Selected Topics

John Berry Meachum James P. Beckwourth Missouri Compromise Winny v. Whitesides Merry v. Tiffin & Mernard Trammel v. Adams William Wells Brown Rachel v. Walker Francis McIntosh Elijah Lovejoy Jennings v. Kavanaugh Tom Bass James Milton Turner Dred Scott Hiram Young Augustus Tolton Elizabeth Keckley Celia Colored Aristocracy of St. Louis First Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment 62nd US Regiment of Colored Infantry John William Blind Boone George Washington Carver Albert Burgess St. Louis Palladium Lehew v. Brummell Black 7th Regiment of the Immunes James Langston Hughes Annie Turnbo Malone William “Count” Basie Easter Weekend Lynchings in Springfield Josephine Baker Satchel Page Nathaniel C. Bruce Homer G. Phillips Charles Turpin J.E. Perry St. Louis Argus W.C. Handy 1916 St. Louis Segregation Ordinance Missouri Industrial Home for Negro Girls, Tipton 1917 East St. Louis, Illinois Race Riot 1918 Missouri Negro Industrial Commission Mound City Bar Kansas City Call Walthall Moore Charlie “Bird” Parker Red Foxx (John E. Sanford) Kansas City Monarchs St. Louis American Ivory Perry William J. Thompkins Lester A. Walton Lloyd Gaines 1939 Sharecroppers Strike (Missouri bootheel) State ex rel Bluford v. Canada Cleo Wright lynching (Sikeston) J.D. and Ethel Shelley Oscar S. Ficklin Judge Sam Blair Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas Theodore McMillen Missouri Human Rights Commission Theodore McNeal DeVerne Calloway Jefferson Bank Boycott Percy Green Missouri Public Accommodations Act of 1965 David E. McPherson 1968 Kansas City Riot William L. Clay, Sr. St. Louis Sentinel Gwen B. Giles Paula Woodruff Debbye Turner Emmanuel Cleaver II Freeman Bosley, Jr. Ronnie L. White Maya Angelou Maxine Waters Alice Faye Wattleton William H. Lawrie Jackie Robinson Scott Joplin Oliver Cromwell Earl D. Shaw John Lang, Jr. Chuck Berry Anne-Louise Wallace Bolivar Slave Revolt Rachel Goings Underground Railroad Melvin Tolson Fannie Tolson Augustine Tolton Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable Panhandle Slim (Cecil Williams) James Milton Turner George Coleman Poage James Scott (lynching Columbia) Lorenzo Green Luke Easter Moses Dickson Grace Bumbry Blanche Kelso Bruce Hiram Rhodes Revel George Washington Bush Robert McFerrin Sr. Walter Majors Kinloch Virvus Jones Margaret Bush Wilson Ntozake Shange Pruitt-Igoe Carr Square Village Ron Himes Julius Hunter Marian Oldham Arvarh Strickland Henry Kirklin Soldan High School Sumner High School

Getting Started: a Sampling of Resources

The African American almanac [electronic resource] The African American encyclopedia The African American experience : an historiographical and bibliographical guide The African-American experience at the University of Missouri, 1950-1994 The African-American experience on file Black heritage book of trivia Black women in America [electronic resource] The complete idiot’s guide to African American history Encyclopedia of African-American culture and history [electronic resource] Encyclopedia of Black studies [electronic resource] Missouri’s African American History (MO State Archives) The Negro almanac : a reference work on the African-American Notable Black American men Notable Black American women 1,999 facts about Blacks : a sourcebook of African-American achievement Reference library of Black America Science & discovery : 325 questions Who’s who among African Americans Who’s who in colored America


CHARLESTON – Mississippi County

Spokesman August 18-31, 1934 (on roll with Sikeston Southeast Missouri World)

COLUMBIA – Boone County

Blackout Nov 20, 1969 (microfiche) Columbia Community Voice (hard copies only) Feb 1994 – Mar 1997 very scattered issues Professional World Nov 1, 1901 – Dec 25 1903

HANNIBAL – Marion County

Home Protective Record May 14, Aug 20, Oct 8, Dec 31, 1914


Western Messenger (Baptist) Jan 9, 1914-Dec 1, 1916 (moved to St. Louis)

KANSAS CITY – Jackson County

American Jun 21, 1928-Jan 12, 1933 Baptist Record Jan 27-Feb 17, 1921 (on roll with Kansas City Western Messenger) Call Nov 1, 1919; Jan 7, 1922-present Globe Jan 31, 1986; Jly 24, Aug 14, Oct 2, Nov 13, 27, Dec 25, 1992; Jan 1, Mar 19-Apr 9, 23, 1993-Feb 25, May 6, 1994-present Inter-State Herald Aug 1, 1903-Apr 2, 1904 Liberator Jan 2-Dec 24, 1903 Missouri State Post May 21, Jun 4, Dec 31, 1987; Jan 14, May 5, 19, Jly 21, 28-Aug 18, 1988; Oct 18, 1990; Oct 3, 1991-May 7, 1992 Rising Son Jan 16, 1903-Dec 28, 1907 Son Dec 7, 1912 Sun Jan 10, 1914-Jun 7, 1924 Western Christian Recorder (AME Church) Oct 26, 1911-Sep 16, 1915 Western Messenger (Baptist) August 2-Oct 11, Nov 1, 8, Dec 6, 1918; Jan 2-Dec 19, 1919; Jan 2-Feb 27, Mar 12, 26-May 20, Jun 4, 9, 18-Aug 27, Sep 24-Oct 8, 1920

ST. LOUIS – Independent City

American Jly 14, Sept 8, 1949-present Argus Jan 1, 1915-Dec 13, 1918; Feb 21, 1919-Oct 17, 1969; Mar 6, 1970-Dec 28, 1972; Mar 8, 1973- Dec 23, 1982; Jun 28-Aug 23, Nov 1, 15, Dec 6, 1984; June 26, 1986 (many missing issues) Palladium Jan 10, 1903-Oct 5, 1907 Sentinel Mar 16 1968-present Western Messenger (Baptist) Dec 16 1916-Nov 24, 1917

SEDALIA – Pettis County

Weekly Conservator May 8, 1903-Dec 23 1905; Jan 6-17, Feb 17-Mar 10, 24, Jly 21, Aug 4, Dec 24, 1906; Jan 7-28, Feb 11-Mar 4, 18-May 13, 25-Jly 15, 29-Aug 5, 26, Dec 9-23, 1907; Jan 6, 20, 27, Feb 10-Mar 9, 23, Apr 5-26, May 11-Jun 15, 29-Aug 31, Sep 14, 21, 1908 Times Aug 31, 1901-Dec 29, 1903; Jan 21-Feb 4, 1905

SIKESTON – Scott County

Southeast Missouri World Nov 25, 1939

Online Searching Techniques


  • Academic Search Premier (EBSCOHost) Index to major journals and magazines in all subject areas. Many articles are full-text. Updated continually. Generally, coverage is 1984 to date. Click on “Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals” to limit search results to research articles.
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  • Early American Newspapers. Series 1, 1690-1876 Also Known as: Early American Newspapers; America’s Historical Newspapers; Archive of Americana This collection provides images and full-text content access to a selection of historic newspapers based on Clarence Brigham’s authoritative bibliography, History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820 and additional subsequent bibliographies.
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  • GenderWatch GenderWatch is a database of periodicals and newsletters that focus on women and women’s issues.
  • Google Scholar Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations. Google Scholar helps you identify the most relevant research across the world of scholarly research.
  • Historic Missouri Newspaper Project Historic Missouri Newspaper Project is a database of searchable full-image of some years from 14 Missouri newspapers.
  • Illustrated Civil War Newspapers and Magazines Contains 65,000 pages with articles, illustrations, cartoons and maps drawn from 49 periodicals, including 15 campaign newspapers published from 1860 to 1865, from four viewpoints� Union, Confederate, Abolitionist, and British. Every page has been scanned to grayscale or color standards at up to 1200 dpi. The database also includes essays detailing the background and importance of each of the publications and on Civil War topics.
  • InfoTrac Diversity Studies Collection This collection explores cultural differences, contributions and influences in our global community. Access provided by MOREnet.
  • JSTOR JSTOR is a full-text database consisting of the Arts and Sciences I, II, III, IV, Complement, Ecology & Botany and General Science Collections which provide access to the back files of over 300 scholarly journals. Areas included are history, sociology, business, economics, ecology, literature, mathematics, music, political science, population studies, Asian studies, philanthropy and finance.
  • LION: Literature Online LION: Literature Online provides access to English language literature in full-text, reference works, bibliographies, web pages and full-text journals.
  • Making of Modern Law – Trials 1600-1926 Making of Modern Law – Trials 1600-1926 contains over 7,000 trial transcripts from Harvard, Yale, and the Library of the Bar of the City of New York give scholars insight on class structure and the making of modern law. Access provided to the campus by the MU Law Library.
  • New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
  • New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is the premier music encyclopedia. Includes the New Grove Dictionaries of Jazz and Opera.
  • NewsBank NewsBank indexes the Kansas City Star and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, as well as news articles about regional and state events and issues.
  • North American Women’s Letters and Diaries North American Women’s Letters and Diaries provides access to full-text letters & diaries by 687 North American women from colonial times to 1950.
  • Project Muse Project Muse provides full-text access to more than 100 scholarly journal titles from the Johns Hopkins University Press and other University presses covering the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Mathematics.
  • Proquest Historical Newspapers ProQuest Historical Newspapers digitally reproduces every issue of the New York Times (1851-2005) and the Wall Street Journal (1889-1991) from cover-to-cover. It provides full page-image and full-text searching of these newspapers.
  • Race Relations Abstracts Indexes over 300 publications that deal with race and related topics worldwide.
  • Reader’s Guide Restrospective 1890-1982 Readers Guide Retrospective is a database containing comprehensive indexing of the most popular general-interest periodicals published in the United States and reflects the history of 20th century America.
  • U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs 1832-1978 U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs 1832-1978 contains nearly 11 million pages of records and briefs brought before the U.S. Supreme Court in the period 1832-1978.
  • U.S. Statutes at Large Is part of the Congressional Universe database. Full-text access to the laws of the United States from 1789 to the present. Includes public laws, private laws, concurrent resolutions, presidential proclamations, treaties with foreign nations (through 1849) and all treaties with Native American tribes. Allows user to retrieve an original law and all its amendments.
  • Current Research@MU Indexes MU dissertation from 1899 to present. Provides full-text of MU dissertations from 1995 to present. Print copies of pre-1995 MU dissertations are held at the UM Depository and can be requested using MERLIN.


If you’re looking at results in one of the databases listed above, just click on the finditatMU article linker button next to the article citation. The article will display if it’s available electronically. If there is no online access, you’ll be given the opportunity to look for a print copy in the MERLIN Catalog. If you have an article reference, but are not currently in a database, go to the MU Libraries’ Gateway page and click “Find a Specific Article or Journal” link on the left hand side of the page. Type in the name of the journal or, if you have the citation, a specific journal article. If electronic coverage is not available, check the MERLIN Catalog to see if we have a print subscription to the journal. MU Libraries does not subscribe to all journal titles. If you find a journal article that you need, but cannot find the article using finditatMU article linker, fill out a journal article request form. You will need to register the first time you use our interlibrary loan service Usually you will receive the article electronically via email within a few days of placing your request. •Endnote sessions and zotero compatible with Mozilla  

Finding Periodicals

MERLIN Check to see library holdings for periodicals by doing a Journal, Newspaper, Magazine Title Search. . Check for electronic availability of periodicals. Perform a subject search in MERLIN using the words african americans periodicals and or blacks periodicals. Index to the Schomburg clipping file G.K. Hall index to Black periodicals Index to Black periodicals Index to periodical articles by and about Blacks Index to periodical articles by and about Negroes A Guide to negro periodical literature

Selected Periodicals

Mizzou Black alumni Journal of the National Medical Association Journal of the National Medical Association Archives

Selected Books

Ain’t but a place : an anthology of African American writings about St. Louis America’s black towns and settlements : a historical reference guide Behind ghetto walls : black families in a federal slum Black families of the Ozarks Black liberation in the Midwest : the struggle in St. Louis, Missouri, 1964-1970 Catfish and crystal Columbia… our past is… our future : from Douglass School to the world! The Curt Flood story : the man behind the myth Finding freedom : the untold story of Joshua Glover, runaway slave George Washington Carver : scientist, inventor, and teacher Gone but not forgotten : Quinette Cemetery, a slave burial ground, est. 1866 Heartland history : essays on the cultural heritage of the central Missouri region Kinloch : Missouri’s first black city Missouri slave narratives : a folk history of slavery in Missouri from interviews with former slaves : typewritten records Missouri’s Black heritage Nathan B. Young and the struggle over Black higher education On her own ground : the life and times of Madam C.J. Walker “Our black children” [microform] : the evolution of black space in Columbia, Missouri Pastor Jenkins said, “Hang on to Matthew 6:33” : autobiography of Robert H. King, Ph. D. People of color : Black genealogical records and abstracts from Missouri sources Press coverage of lynchings in Missouri : an analysis of the newspaper coverage of black and white lynch Published in the interest of colored people : the St. Louis Argus newspaper in the twentieth century Runaway and freed Missouri slaves and those who helped them, 1763-1865 The St. Louis African American community and the Exodusters Satchel Paige and company : essays on the Kansas City Monarchs, their greatest star and the Negro leagues Take up the Black man’s burden : Kansas City’s African American communities, 1865-1939 What a grave undertaking : Quinette Cemetery, a slave burial ground, est. 1866 Stories from the heart : Missouri’s African American heritage  

Selected Electronic Resources

A grave injustice [electronic resource] : institutional terror at the State Industrial Home for negro girls and the paradox of delinquent reform in Missouri, 1888-1960 African American women, civic activism, and community building strategies in St. Louis, Missouri, 1900-1954 Historic Black communities [videorecording]

Locate Materials in Ellis Library (Location Guide)

Use the guide below to determine which floor of Ellis holds a particular call number. B to HE contains B, BA, BB, BC.. C, D, .. H, HA, HB, .. HE 2 East = 2nd floor of Ellis, East book stacks. HSL = Health Sciences Library
AC to AZ 4 East
B to HE 3 East
HF to LT 2 East
M to NX 4 East
P to PG 2A West
PH to PQ 2999 3 Central
PQ 3000 to QK 2 East
QL to QR 2 Central
R to RZ 2 Central
S to SK 2 West
T to TX 1A West
U to VM 1 West
Z to ZA 1 West

Helpful Links

My Library Accounts Hours Maps Google Directory

Web Sites

Museums, Libraries, & Historical Societies

Missouri History Museum Black World History Wax Museum African American Portrait Collection Ozarks Afro-American Heritage Museum Negro Leagues Baseball Museum St. Louis Walk of Fame Griot Museum of Black History and Culture American Jazz Museum St. Louis Public Library Afro-Americans in Missouri Directory of Historical Societies in Missouri (Please be aware that there is a Boone County Historical Society and that the State Historical Society on campus has an uncatalogued collection of materials on black fraternal organizations.) Western Historical Manuscript Collection CITATION GUIDES The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and the MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing are shelved behind Ellis Library’s Reference Desk on the south side of the first floor. We also have a link to style manuals online . If you have any questions: Paula Roper 168 Ellis Library 882-3326