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background image including exhibit logo, portraits of henry the eight and queen mary tudor, and detail from a map of london

TIMELINE:

 

1485

Henry Tudor, Duke of Richmond defeats Richard III at Bosworth Field, and becomes Henry VII.

1502

James IV of Scotland marries Margaret, daughter of Henry VII.

1503

Giuliano della Rovere becomes Pope Julius II.

1509

Henry VIII succeeds to the throne of England.

1515

Thomas Wolsey, Archbisop of York, is made Lord Chancellor of England.

1516

Mary Tudor born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.

1517

Martin Luther objects to the Church practice of selling indulgences in his "95 Theses."

1521

Pope Leo X bestows title 'Defender of the Faith' (Fidei Defensor) on Henry VIII.

1523

Giulio de' Medici becomes Pope Clement VII.

1527

Rome is sacked by troops of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Pope Clement VII is captured.

1529

Sir Thomas More replaces Thomas Wolsey as Lord Chancellor after Wolsey does not annul Henry's marriage to Catharine of Aragon and delays requesting annulment from the Pope.

1533

Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn and he is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII. Elizabeth Tudor is born to Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII on the 7th of September.

1534

Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy declaring Henry VIII the "supreme head in earth of the Church of England" as well as the Act of Succession, establishing Elizabeth Tudor as heir to the throne of England.

1536

Anne Boleyn is beheaded for treason on charges of adultery. Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour.

1537

Jane Seymour dies after the birth of Edward Tudor

1540

Henry VIII marries Anne, daughter of the Duke of Cleves. Henry divorces Anne of Cleves and marries Catherine Howard, cousin to Anne Boleyn.

1542

Catherine Howard is executed for treason on charges of adultery. Mary Stuart becomes Queen of Scotland after the death of James V.

1543

Henry VIII marries Lady Latimer, Katherine Parr.

1544

Henry VIII and Charles V invade France. Act of Succession restores Mary Tudor as heir to the throne.

1547

Edward Tudor becomes Edward VI of England. Duke of Somerset, Edward Seymour is Lord Protector.

1550

Duke of Northumberland, John Dudley follows Somerset unofficially as Lord Protector.

1553

Edward's "Letters Patent for the Limitation of the Crown" establishes Lady Jane Grey as next in line for the throne of England. Death of Edward VI. Support for Jane Grey fades and Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, is proclaimed Queen of England

1556

Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, is removed from office and executed for heresy. [link to john foxe, monuments]

1558

Elizabeth Tudor becomes Queen of England upon death of Mary I.

1559

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth on January 15th in Westminster Abbey.
Act of Uniformity is passed, reestablishing Protestantism in England.

1560

Treaty of Berwick between Elizabeth I and Scottish reformers; Treaty of Edinburgh among England, France, and Scotland

1563

"Thirty-Nine Articles" put forth by the Church of England's Convocations which define the doctrinal position of the Church of England

1567

Mary I of Scotland (Mary Queen of Scots) abdicates the throne under pressure. James Stuart, son of Mary I of Scotland and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, becomes James VI of Scotland

1568

Mary Queen of Scots flees to England and is held captive by Elizabeth I under Mary's execution in 1587.

1570

Elizabeth excommunicated by Pope Pius V

1572

Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, executed for role in attempt (Ridolfi Plot) to overthrow Elizabeth in favor of Mary Queen of Scots.

1586

Babington Conspiracy against Elizabeth I involves Mary Queen of Scots. Archbishop John Whitgift given oversight by Star Chamber of all books and pamphlets to be published

1587

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots for treason. Francis Drake attacks Spanish fleet at Cadiz, delaying the sailing of the Spanish Armada.

1588

Queen Elizabeth addresses the troops at Tilbury. The Spanish Armada is attacked and dispersed by Francis Drake and Charles Howard near Gravelines on the coast of Flanders.

1598

Edict of Nantes issued by Henry IV of France provides certain civil freedoms for French Huguenots. Elizabeth I sends Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, to Ireland to oppose the rebellion of Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone.

1601

The Earl of Essex is executed for leading a conspiracy against Elizabeth I.

1603

Death of Elizabeth I on the 24th of March. James VI of Scotland becomes King James I of England.

 

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